Peter and Apostolic Tradition
The Primacy of Peter
And when they had entered into the cenacle, they ascended to the place where Peter and John, James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Jude of James, were staying. All these were persevering with one accord in prayer with the women, and with Mary, the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers. In those days, Peter, rising up in the midst of the brothers, said (now the crowd of men altogether was about one hundred and twenty): “Noble brothers, the Scripture must be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit predicted by the mouth of David about Judas, who was the leader of those who apprehended Jesus. He had been numbered among us, and he was chosen by lot for this ministry. And this man certainly possessed an estate from the wages of iniquity, and so, having been hanged, he burst open in the middle and all his internal organs poured out. And this became known to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that this field was called in their language, Akeldama, that is, ‘Field of Blood.’ For it has been written in the book of Psalms: ‘Let their dwelling place be desolate and may there be no one who dwells within it,’ and ‘Let another take his episcopate.’ Therefore, it is necessary that, out of these men who have been assembling with us throughout the entire time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, beginning from the baptism of John, until the day when he was taken up from us, one of these be made a witness with us of his Resurrection.” And they appointed two: Joseph, who was called Barsabbas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias. And praying, they said: “May you, O Lord, who knows the heart of everyone, reveal which one of these two you have chosen, to take a place in this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas prevaricated, so that he might go to his own place.” And they cast lots concerning them, and the lot fell upon Matthias. And he was numbered with the eleven Apostles.
But a certain man named Ananias, with his wife Sapphira, sold a field, and he was deceitful about the price of the field, with his wife’s consent. And bringing only part of it, he placed it at the feet of the Apostles. But Peter said: “Ananias, why has Satan tempted your heart, so that you would lie to the Holy Spirit and be deceitful about the price of the land? Did it not belong to you while you retained it? And having sold it, was it not in your power? Why have you set this thing in your heart? You have not lied to men, but to God!” Then Ananias, upon hearing these words, fell down and expired. And a great fear overwhelmed all who heard of it. And the young men rose up and removed him; and carrying him out, they buried him. Then about the space of three hours passed, and his wife entered, not knowing what had happened. And Peter said to her, “Tell me, woman, if you sold the field for this amount?” And she said, “Yes, for that amount.” And Peter said to her: “Why have you agreed together to test the Spirit of the Lord? Behold, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they shall carry you out!” Immediately, she fell down before his feet and expired. Then the young men entered and found her dead. And they carried her out and buried her next to her husband. And a great fear came over the entire Church and over all who heard these things.
1 Timothy 3:1-8
It is a faithful saying: if a man desires the episcopate, he desires a good work. Therefore, it is necessary for a bishop to be beyond reproach, the husband of one wife, sober, prudent, gracious, chaste, hospitable, a teacher, not a drunkard, not combative but restrained, not quarrelsome, not covetous; but a man who leads his own house well, having children who are subordinate with all chastity. For if a man does not know how to lead his own house, how will he take care of the Church of God? He must not be a new convert, lest, being elated by pride, he may fall under the sentence of the devil. And it is necessary for him also to have good testimony from those who are outside, so that he may not fall into disrepute and the snare of the devil. Similarly, deacons must be chaste, not double-tongued, not given to much wine, not pursuing tainted profit
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